When your home or commercial space of hit by fire damage, the most important thing is to extinguish it as quickly as possible. But that’s not the end. Even after the fire has been put out, the lingering smoke damage can have long-lasting effects on your property and you and your family. Today, we will be talking about different types of smoke damage, how to recognize them and how to eliminate them.
Smoke damage and its impact on your health
Regardless of types of smoke damage, they (along with the soot that comes with it) contain various acids that can do pretty substantial damage to your home. They can cause corrosion, damage marble, glass and even cause discoloration in your floors, carpeting and other materials too.
Not only does it affect your belongings, smoke can carry tiny, microscopic particles that are usually airborne and can easily get into (and your family’s) lungs so you should avoid smoke inhalation. The most vulnerable are older people, kids and teenagers. If you happen to inhale some of the smoke, it will manifest in some of the following symptoms:
- Scratchy throat
- Chest Pain
- Stinging eyes
- Increased heart rate
- Asthma attack
The acidic component of smoke that can cause discoloration on your floors and fabrics, it can irritate your skin. Even if you thoroughly wash yourself, the smoke and soot particles can remain on your clothes and fabric on furniture, causing even more harm.
When it comes to different types of smoke damage, there are three main variants of smoke:
- Oil smoke
- Wet smoke and
- Dry smoke
Each one of these types of smoke damage is unique, has its own hassle to tackle but then can all cause long-term damage to both your health and your property. That’s why it’s important to deal with them thoroughly and properly, with a help of a professional smoke damage restoration service.
Types of smoke damage – Oil smoke
Oil smoke is the least common type in homes. It’s caused by fires that started at the fuel source and that’s why it’s mostly called “petroleum residue”.
When the fuel starts burning, the smoke caused by the fuel and its fumes can be really dangerous. These fumes can cause throat irritation, nausea, dizziness, confusion and more. And once the fumes combine with the smoke, the problem gets even worse, because the fumes can travel further, followed by added heat.
The reason why these types of smoke damage aren’t that common in households is because it requires a special kind of fuel that household don’t keep. Instead, it mostly occurs in car repair garages, printing companies or other types of businesses that store flammable fuels and chemicals regularly.
Now, just because your home doesn’t have these types of chemicals and fuels, that doesn’t mean that you’re completely safe. If your building has a furnace, there’s a real risk of oil smoke damage. If the furnace in your building isn’t working properly, doesn’t ignite the fuel as it should, the remaining residue can stick to the surrounding area. This reside is really sticky, has a foul odor and it’s really difficult to clean. It’s usually caused by puffbacks so it may be present, even if there is no fire.
This is the second of the three types of smoke damage. It is caused by low-burning fire or smoldering fire. The material that is left to bur cannot bur properly because there’s not enough heat. But just because it doesn’t burn well enough, it doesn’t mean that it’s not burning. The unburned material will fill your home with sooty, black and thick smoke. Just like the previous smoke type, this one is also very sticky and had a harsh smell. It’s also pretty difficult to clean away.
On the opposite side of the spectrum of types of smoke damage, is the type of smoke that is a result of hot and fast-burning fires. This type of smoke is usually generated by natural burning material, cellulose-base e.g., wood, paper or cotton fabric.
The good thing about this type of smoke is that the residue that remains is dry and easier toe clean than from wet or oily smoke. This is because the smoke and soot are not wet or sticky. But because of that, dry soot and smoke can find its way easily into cracks and pours inside your flooring, furniture and other hard-to-reach places making it difficult to remove. The odors will still remain even after you thought that you thoroughly cleaned your home and see no sign of smoke damage.
Regardless of what types of smoke damage are you dealing with, if your home was struck by fire, you should contact a professional smoke damage restoration service. ASAP Restoration has a skilled and experienced team that can quickly assess the situation, recommend the best course of action and restore your property to its previous state.